Medical Oncology

Medical oncology is a specialized field within oncology that encompasses a wide range of intricacies in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of cancer patients. At chirayu cancer hospital, our medical oncologists are essential members of the multidisciplinary team that collaborate to provide comprehensive care to individuals battling cancer.

Our medical oncology team at chirayu cancer hospital works in tandem with pathologists, radiologists, and other specialists to ensure accurate diagnosis and staging of cancers. This involves analyzing biopsy results, imaging studies (such as CT scans, MRIs, and PET scans), and other diagnostic tests to determine the extent and nature of the disease within the patient's body.

We, at chirayu cancer hospital utilize several treatment modalities, tailoring their approach to the specific type of cancer, its stage, the patient's health status, and their individual preferences.

Some prominent treatment modalities include:

1. Chemotherapy:
  • Chemotherapy involves the use of powerful drugs to target and eliminate rapidly dividing cancer cells. These drugs can be administered intravenously or orally.
  • We consider factors such as drug type, dosage, frequency, and duration to create personalized chemotherapy regimens.
  • Chemotherapy may be used as the primary treatment or in combination with other approaches like surgery or radiation therapy.
  • 2. Targeted Therapy:
  • Targeted therapies are designed to target specific molecules or pathways that play a crucial role in cancer growth and progression.
  • Genetic testing and molecular profiling of the tumor help identify mutations or genetic alterations that can be targeted.
  • Our medical oncology team selects targeted therapies that inhibit these specific targets, minimizing damage to healthy cells.
  • 3. Immunotherapy:
  • Immunotherapy aims to stimulate the patient's immune system to recognize and attack cancer cells.
  • Checkpoint inhibitors, adoptive T cell therapies, and cancer vaccines are examples of immunotherapies used by medical oncologists.
  • Immunotherapy has shown remarkable success in treating various cancers, including melanoma, lung cancer, and certain types of leukemia.
  • 4. Hormonal Therapy:
  • Hormonal therapies are effective against hormone-dependent cancers, such as breast and prostate cancers.
  • These therapies block hormone receptors or reduce hormone production, thereby slowing down or inhibiting cancer growth.
  • 5. Precision Medicine:
  • At chirayu cancer hospital, we utilize genetic testing to identify specific mutations or biomarkers in a patient's tumor.
  • This information helps in tailoring treatment plans to target the unique genetic characteristics of the cancer, enhancing treatment effectiveness.
  • 6. Combination Therapy:
  • We, at chirayu cancer hospital, often combine different treatment modalities for improved outcomes.
  • Combination therapies can enhance treatment efficacy while managing side effects more effectively.